Paper presented at CISBAT 2009 International Conference
Renovation of existing residential buildings is an important field in Italy, where the building maintenance market is estimated to be in the near future about the 70% of the total construction market. More and more often building maintenance is aimed to improve the energetic behavior of the building envelopes, and, consequently, to reduce the operating energy consumption. From this point of view a sustainability oriented approach can be considered the key-word for the dialogue between tradition and innovation. So, building envelopes are a suitable place for the dialogue between traditional buildings and new technologies. Using sustainability as a starting point for the renovation of existing buildings the traditional envelopes can be morphed into innovative (sustainable) envelopes, also by using energy production technologies suitable for envelope integration, such as Photovoltaics.
The paper presents some architectural proposals developed by students (architects and engineers) of the 5th edition of the post graduate master “Designer of sustainable architectures” at InArch (Italian Institute of Architecture) in Rome, for the urban renovation of the historical (about 1930) Roman peripheral area “Pigneto”.
The general theme of the Master is the investigation of contemporary housing in large cities, such as Rome. Students are asked to design the renovation of an existing building improving its performances from energetic, architectural and social points of view. Main focuses of the theme are the energetic strategies and the complex relationships between private and public spaces (also in terms of energetic behaviors). The approach is to propose an innovative use of new technologies in Architecture, aimed to re-think buildings as “living beings” that can generate the energy they consume, having their own balanced metabolism, so that the city can be seen as an “urban ecosystem”.